What is a web hosting service? Introduction to web hosting


Web Hosting is a rented space for the website it’s like you pay rent for the office space. Web hosting service is provided by those companies who have a server (computer with higher storage capacity) connected to the internet. Now you can create the website after hosting or you can upload the websites/apps files from localhost to live host (server space) and then it will go live and publicly available to use.

Examples of Web Hosting:

– Google search engine website is working due to web hosting.

– Facebook’s social media website is working due to web hosting.

– You’re using various internet applications, websites it’s because they are hosted on the server.

Anything that you’ ‘re seeing/using on the internet is hosted or stored in the server.

There are various types of web hosting plans and servers, following are the top hosting services for websites/apps:

1. Shared website hosting:

In a single server where more than 1 website is hosted is called shared hosting. It means the storage space (hard disk), speed is divided between all the websites hosted on that server. For example, in drive A there is a folder called User 1 – Now user one can host more than 1 website or unlimited websites in that folder. Hosting means a folder of files/data/information that is available for the publish through index.html or index.php file.

In the same drive A, there is another folder named User 2 – Now user 2 can host multiple websites.

In simple words, shared hosting is a storage space that is utilized by 1 to 1000s plus website owners to host (store and make the website) the website.

For example:

A building has 50 floors. Now on each floor is empty and has 5000 sqft. Now the whole space is utilized open as many shops in that space. It means in shared hosting, for example, there is 5000 sq space is equal to 500 GB storage space. Now, this hosting company gives each user 30 GB space in the shared hosting plan. After that user 1 can host 10 websites in 30 GB. And another user can host 3 websites.

Shared hosting is best for those who have many websites with low traffic or user base. And it’s also best for those who have 1 website but getting 30000 users per day.

Related: Difference Between Website Builder And Web Hosting

2. Virtual Private Server Hosting:

A virtual private server is the complete private hosting. It means the whole 5000 sqft space is owned by 1 owner. Now he/she is free to host 1000 websites or sell that space to 1000 users. It means he/she owned that space. He will manage its updates, cleaning, optimization, backup, and everything.

A virtual private server is the complete private hosting. It means the whole 5000 sqft space is owned by 1 owner. Now he/she is free to host 1000 websites or sell that space to 1000 users.

3. Dedicated Hosting:

When website owner buys whole space and features of a single server then it’s called dedicated hosting. In dedicated hosting, the whole system is owned or rented by one owner. For example, the whole building is rented by one tenant. Now the tenant is free to utilize that space as per the choice. He can change its software, apps, configuration, performance, and speed. It’s best for big companies and websites who have 100000+ visitors or users per day on their website. And they will need maximum performance and higher capacity from the server.

4. Cloud Hosting:

Cloud hosting is a group of all shared/dedicated/single domain hosting. The difference is that each feature/functionality is expandable. It means when you need 40 GB space from 30 GB you can expand. When you need an 8.5 GB data transfer rate then it will automatically expand, when you only need 2.1 GB then it will automatically reduce.

It means you pay as per the use. And the website/apps/storage space is available from more than 1 server. It means in the morning the website is running from American sever, but in the day it will be running from Singapore.

RelatedUses of Cloud Computing

5. WordPress Hosting:

WordPress hosting is a type of specific hosting service that is created, managed for the use of a single application or method. It means all functionality, operating system, storage space is utilized for the use of WordPress websites or blog websites.

For example, if you’re looking for the space to open a bank then there will be particular places that are only designed and available for banks.

Or WordPress hosting is like PG for girls. In which the whole building is designed, managed, controlled, secure and facilitated for girls. And it’s not for all.

Related: Best online courses to learn WordPress Website Design Skills

Web hosting cPanel:

Web hosting control panel is the place for the user to enter into their hosting plan or server. From the control panel, the user can control, manage the websites. They can install WordPress, they can create email accounts, they can access file manager to upload the website files, they can access PHP, my admin, they can add the domain name and many other things. Everything is controlled from the control panel and it is provided by all the hosting companies.

Which is the best hosting service

There are various hosting companies and prices are very close to each other. It’s difficult for new website owners to decide which one is best. These days the reviews, feedbacks, and testimonials are controlled and managed or manipulated. So, it’s tough to select which one is best.

But it can be understood easily if you consider your website goals. What kind of hosting features that you need and beneficial for you? I have written complete personal experiences here in this post. And I hope that will be very helpful for new website owners and hosting users to buy the best hosting space for their website on the web.

RelatedBest website hosting site for small business website

Why we need web hosting for websites?

We don’t need hosting services for the website. We can convert our own computer into a server. Or we can buy a server and then place it in our own office. But it cost more and needs technical expertise to manage a server. For example, to open a small restaurant we have two options. We can buy that place for rent. Or we can buy another place, and build the infrastructure or building and then open the restaurant. Now, this process took more time and money.

But new website owners who even don’t know the future his/her website don’t buy their own server or plant physical server in their office. But once the website traffic goes more than 100000 users per day then it’s time to buy own server or hosting infrastructure. That’s why new website owners or startups have to buy hosting service and it’s like a rent to run the website on the internet.

For example, Facebook, google, amazon, YouTube is not buying hosting services for their website. They have their own server and hosting infrastructure. It means they are doing business from their own building. And even they have purchased many buildings now providing that space for rent. I mean hosting space for other website owners.

We need a website hosting service because we want it to be live 24/7 and 365 days and people can use it easily and fast. We need hosting services because it’s more secure, managed by hosting companies and they have experts to do it.  In the beginning even if you have money and server management or configuration knowledge then you can buy your own server. It’s not mandatory that you need to buy a hosting service, you can buy a complete fully configured server on your own.

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